Letters and Sounds

Phonics Screening

Useful Links






Here at St Paulinus we use the Oxford Reading Tree reading scheme. This is the UK's number one reading programme and it has taught millions of children to read... and to love to read. Rooted in reading for pleasure and with systematic phonics at its heart, Oxford Reading Tree's well-loved characters, breadth and unrivalled support give you everything your children need to become confident readers – and the new National Curriculum loves it too!

We have individual books covering all abilities from EYU to exceeding in Year 6.  In addition to the Oxford Reading Tree scheme we have some Pearson Bug Club books.

What we do in school

In school we complete weekly guided reading sessions, these are done in groups no bigger than 6 and develops comprehensions skills.  Each child has an individual reading book and record which is read in school to an adult and taken home on a daily basis. It is changed at least once a week.


We have a Key Stage 1 and a separate Key Stage 2 library and children have access to this once a week in key stage 1 and once every fortnight in key stage2.


We are very lucky to have reading interventions running throughout school, such as Every Child a Reader, additional 1:1 reading and Reading Friends.


In Key Stage 1 children are given an individual log in and username to access further e-books on



Supporting your child’s reading

Letter Box Scheme

Some children in school have been lucky enough to be chosen to take part in the ‘Letterbox’ reading scheme. We trialled it in school last year with a group of children, this year it's different children, next year it might be you.

The Letterbox Club is an award-winning programme managed by BookTrust, in partnership with the University of Leicester, which aims to provide enjoyable educational support for children aged 4-13.


The children receive six parcels between June and December. The parcels are delivered to school and then we distribute them at a lunch time club. In the club we look at what the pack contains, read the books and play the games. The parcels are then taken home for your child to use. They are for the children to keep and do not need returning to school.


Each parcel contains a range of exciting items including books, maths games and stationery. Some parcels also include letters from the authors of the books and extra items like bookmarks and writing activities!  Other items will be included such as a library joining card or information about how to join a library, name plates, bookmarks and letters from a selection of children’s authors.


We hope the children gain an enjoyment in reading and enjoys receiving these parcels.


Remember if it is not you this year, it could be you next year.







Here at St Paulinus we follow the Letters and Sound. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. PHONICS AT A GLANCE BOOKLET






How we deliver in School


EYU cover phases 1, 2 and 3 with the exceeding children accessing phase 4. At the end of EYU, teacher meet and share which phase each child is working on. Therefore in Year 1 the child will start at the same phase in which they left EYU, covering up to phase 5 and the exceeding children moving onto phase 6. The same action happens when the children move from Year 1 to Year 2, however the exceeding children in Year 2 move on to support for spelling.  Those children who are emerging still in Year 2 will access Read, Write, Ink intervention when they start in Year 3.


If you are unsure of any sounds and how they are pronounced look at:-

or look on youtube.








Letters and Sounds Teraching Sequence


Phase 1:-Phase One concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills. It is divided into seven aspects: General Sound Discrimination – environmental, General sound discrimination - instrumental sounds, General sound discrimination - body percussion, Rhythm and rhyme, Alliteration, Voice sounds and Oral blending and segmenting. It is intended that each of the first six aspects should be dipped into, rather than going through them in any order, with a balance of activities. Aspect 7 will usually come later, when children have had plenty of opportunity to develop their sound discrimination skills.Each aspect contains three strands: Tuning in to sounds (auditory discrimination), Listening and remembering sounds (auditory memory and sequencing) and Talking about sounds (developing vocabulary and language comprehension).



Phase 2:- In Phase two, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:


Set 1: s, a, t, p

Set 2: i, n, m, d

Set 3: g, o, c, k

Set 4: ck, e, u, r

Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss


As soon as each set of letters is introduced, children will be encouraged to use their knowledge of the letter sounds to blend and sound out words. For example, they will learn to blend the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat. They will also start learning to segment words. For example, they might be asked to find the letter sounds that make the word tapfrom a small selection of magnetic letters.











Phase 3:-By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.

Over the twelve weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).


Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er











Phase 4:- In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.









Phase 5:- Children entering Phase Five will already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words. Children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.











Phase 6:- At the start of Phase Six, children will have already learnt the most frequently occurring grapheme–phoneme correspondences (GPCs) in the English language. They will be able to read many familiar words automatically. When they come across unfamiliar words they will in many cases be able to decode them quickly and quietly using their well-developed sounding and blending skills. With more complex unfamiliar words they will often be able to decode them by sounding them out.At this stage children should be able to spell words phonemically although not always correctly. In Phase Six the main aim is for children to become more fluent readers and more accurate spellers.












More information and resources are available at








The phonics screening check is a short, simple assessment to make sure that all pupils have learned phonic decoding to an appropriate standard by the age of 6. All year 1 pupils in maintained schools, academies and free schools must complete the check, in June.

The phonics check will help teachers identify the children who need extra help so they can receive the support they need to improve their reading skills. These children will then be able to retake the check in year 2.

The check comprises a list of 40 words, 20 real words and 20 non-words which the child will read one-to-one with a teacher.

There are lots of resources available to support your child’s learning with this on the internet. A practice phonic screening test will be sent home in the autumn term and spring term.


Here is a link that provides sample materials and a training video for adults

© 2013 St Paulinus Catholic Primary School, Temple Road,

Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, WF13 3QE

Tel: 01924 325330, Fax: 01924 325331, Email: Web:

Designed and Maintained by: Richard Clayton

St. Paulinus Catholic Primary School ICT Technical Support